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Housing Affordability in Canada: 2022 RE/MAX Report

Relocation, relocation, relocation: Canadians love their neighbourhoods, but will move to achieve housing affordability




  • For 64 per cent of Canadians, relocation is among the top sacrifice they’d be willing to make in order to achieve housing affordability; however, half (50 per cent) agree that the farthest they would go would be less than 100 kilometres

  • 56 per cent say that moving to a different neighbourhood/community would be one of the top three sacrifices they would make

  • 38 per cent would make the sacrifice of moving to a different city/province/region regardless of distance

  • 38 per cent of Canadians define housing affordability as a home they can afford that meets their basic needs, and includes some liveability elements, such as green spaces and restaurants

  • Based on average residential selling price, Brandon, MB ranked as the most affordable market in 2022, replacing Winnipeg which was most affordable in RE/MAX Canada’s 2021 ranking. This is followed by Regina, SK (which remained on the list year-over-year), St. John’s, NL, Moncton, NB and Red Deer, AB

  • Based on the share of income spent on mortgage payments, Red Deer, AB ranked as Canada’s most affordable housing market, with 25.86% of average monthly income spent on the average-priced home. This is followed by Regina, SK (26.94%) and Brandon, MB (27.73%) in Western Canada. Eastern Canada’s most affordable regions to buy a carry a mortgage include Thunder Bay, ON (29.78% of monthly income spent on mortgage), followed by St. John’s, NL (31.45%) and Moncton, NB (33.4%)

Toronto, ON and Kelowna, BC (July 20, 2022) — RE/MAX® Canada’s 2022 Housing Affordability Report reveals that 68 per cent of Canadians are willing to make at least one sacrifice to buy a home they can afford, according to a Leger survey commissioned by RE/MAX Canada. The most common concession is relocation, as identified by 64 per cent of survey respondents – a trend that continues to reign as a primary influence in local housing markets across the country, say RE/MAX brokers. This is followed by 56 per cent indicating they would be willing to sacrifice the type of home they purchased; purchasing a home under co-ownership with family and friends, as identified by 29 per cent of survey respondents; and renting a part of their home for additional income, at 27 per cent. According to the same Leger survey, 43 per cent of Canadians said the high price of real estate in their area was a barrier to entry into the market. This is up one per cent from last year. Other hurdles include a higher cost of living (35 per cent); a shortfall in salary (24 per cent, down two per cent from 2021); market volatility (24 per cent); and rising interest rates (24 per cent, up six per cent from 2021). “Despite affordability challenges across the cost-of-living spectrum, Canadians are still eager to engage in the housing market – even if it means making some sacrifices in the short-term to achieve affordable home ownership,” says Christopher Alexander, President, RE/MAX Canada. RE/MAX Canada asked Canadians to define what “housing affordability” means to them – 38 per cent of survey respondents defined affordable housing as “a home they can afford and meets their basic needs, and includes some of the liveability elements they like such as proximity to school; or walkable neighbourhoods,” to name a few. “While we wait for governments to implement a national housing strategy to boost Canada’s supply of affordable housing, in the short-term the market is starting to cool and balance itself out, bringing some much-needed relief from the sky-high prices that we experienced during much of the pandemic. This trend is largely being driven by higher interest rates,” says Alexander. VIEW & DOWNLOAD THE 2022 HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX Housing Affordability in Canada: Regional Market Trends RE/MAX Canada brokers and agents in 24 key markets across the country were asked to provide their analysis on local market activity and housing affordability trends for the first half of 2022. Housing Affordability in Western Canada Across Western Canada, competition from out-of-town or move-over buyers has put upward pressure on home prices year-over-year. Double-digit year-over-year price increases were noted in Kelowna/Central Okanagan, BC (+21.1% from $778,657 in 2021 to $942,977 in 2022), Vancouver, BC (+19.69% from $1,097,000 in 2021 to $1,313,000 in 2022), Victoria, BC (+14.93% from $885,117 in 2021 to $1,017,292 in 2022), and Winnipeg, MB (+12.66% from $388,291 in 2021 to $437,460 in 2022). Meanwhile, more modest price increases were seen in markets including Calgary, AB (+5.85% from $499,229 in 2021 to $528,440 in 2022), Edmonton, AB (+4.73% from $390,490 in 2021 to $408,961 in 2022), Red Deer, AB (+3.24 % from $345,576 in 2021 to $356,779 in 2022), Regina, SK (+0.42% from $322,600 in 2021 to $323,950 in 2022), Brandon, MB (+1.75% from $304,929 in 2021 to $310,252 in 2022) and Saskatoon, SK (+1.45 from $368,079 in 2021 to $373,410 in 2022). In regions such as Victoria, BC, and Vancouver, BC, some of the most significant factors impacting housing affordability include the high cost of living, inflation, and the housing supply shortage, which is being further compounded by new-home construction delays. Some of these factors reign true as well in regions such as Edmonton, AB, where affordability challenges are being attributed to residential construction delays; out-of-province/out-of-region buyers driving up demand and prices; and rising interest rates. In Calgary, the primary factor has been rising interest rates. As buyers navigate high housing prices, some regions across Western Canada are experiencing trends such as properties being purchased as a primary residence while also renting part of the home to supplement monthly mortgage payments. The pooling of finances between friends and family has continued to remain a trend, as noted by the local RE/MAX broker in Victoria, BC. The most affordable neighbourhoods across Western Canada regions surveyed include:

  • Victoria, BC – Sooke, Saanich West and View Royal

  • Kelowna/Central Okanagan, BC – Rutland, Glenrosa and Kelowna North

  • Edmonton, AB – Beverly/Beacon Heights, Prince Rupert/Queen Mary Park and Westwood

  • Calgary, AB – Dover, Erinwoods and Abbeydale

  • Red Deer, AB – Vanier Woods, Sunnybrook South and Laredo

  • Winnipeg, MB – Transcona, North Kildonan and Riverbend

  • Brandon, MB – Souris, Wawanesa and Rivers

  • Saskatoon, SK – Riversdale, King George and Casewell Hill

Housing Affordability in Ontario Similar to Western Canada and Atlantic Canada, some of the smaller regions outside of Toronto/GTA have experienced some of the highest year-over-year price increases in the first half of 2022, due to rising demand and limited supply – Windsor, ON (+24.42% from $542,225 in 2021 to $674,637 in 2022), Barrie, ON (+24.40% from $767,004 in 2021 to $954,133 in 2022), Sudbury, ON (+23.85% from $402,855 in 2021 to $498,939 in 2022 ), London, ON (+23.26% from $632,302 in 2021 to $779,383 in 2022), Hamilton, ON (+22.35% from $775,742 in 2021 to $949,099 in 2022), Thunder Bay, ON (+17.58% from $315,321 in 2021 to $370,761 in 2022), Kingston, ON (+20.83% from $574,844 in 2021 to $694,576 in 2022), Ottawa, ON (+11.46% from $728,205 in 2021 to $811,653 in 2022). In Kitchener/Waterloo, ON, the increase was more modest at +4.29% year-over-year from $759,115 in 2021 to $791,674 in 2022. Unsurprisingly in Toronto/GTA, year-over-year price increases sit at +16.88% from $1,075,636 in 2021 to $1,257,257 in 2022. Alternatives to traditional home ownership have also seen an uptick in some Ontario regions, as identified by RE/MAX brokers in Hamilton and Windsor. Some of the most significant factors impacting housing affordability in Ontario, highlighted by brokers in Windsor, Sudbury and Ottawa among others, include low or diminishing housing supply, rising interest rates, cost of living and inflation, out-of-province/out-of-region buyers, economic and employment conditions. The most affordable neighbourhoods across Ontario regions surveyed include:

  • GTA, ON – Oshawa, Orangeville and Essa

  • Hamilton, ON – Crown Point North, Durand North and Central South

  • Kingston, ON – Kingscourt, Henderson and Rideau Heights

  • Thunder Bay, ON – Westfort, Current River and East End

  • London, ON – London East, St. Thomas and South London

  • Ottawa, ON – Rockland, Herongate/South Keys and Bells Corners

  • Sudbury, ON – Onaping Falls, Capreol and Wahnapite

Housing Affordability in Atlantic Canada In Atlantic Canada, Halifax has experienced significant year-over-year price growth (+23.59% from $460,787 in 2021 to $569,475 in 2022) as a result of the move-over buyers migrating to the region for its relative affordability. More modest price increases were experienced in St. John’s, NL (+6.23% from $313,364 in 2021 to $332,900 in 2022), Moncton, NB (+2.11 % from $331,003 in 2021 to $337,992 in 2022) and Charlottetown, PEI (+29.30% from $355,000 in 2021 to $459,000 in 2022). Affordability in regions across Atlantic Canada, such as Halifax, St. John’s and Charlottetown, has been impacted most by rising interest rates and inflation, low housing supply, out-of-province/out-of-region buyers, the return of immigration, and insufficient new-home construction further impacting growing demand. The most affordable neighbourhoods across Atlantic Canada regions surveyed include:

  • Halifax, NS – Lower Sackville, Eastern Passage and Fairview

  • St. John’s, NL – Paradise, Conception Bay South and Portugal Cove St. Philips

  • Charlottetown, P.E.I – Summerside, Rural and Cornwall

  • Moncton, NB – Moncton Centre, Moncton East and Riverview West

Interest Rate Effect on Housing Affordability in Canada The record-low interest rates that first appeared in 2020 and continued throughout 2021 presented an exceptional opportunity for Canadians to enter or move up in the housing market. However, they also added fuel to an already hot market. With inflation at a 40-year high and interest rates rising, the housing market is starting to cool. In late 2021, RE/MAX Canada had anticipated steady price growth for the year ahead, with an estimated 9.2-per-cent increase in average residential sale prices across the country for 2022. Currently, with the exception of Hamilton, Ontario, price growth appears to be easing ­– a trend that is expected to continue through the remainder of 2022, with growth likely to occur in the single digits, and some markets expected to experience a modest decline. “Despite current economic conditions, rising interest rates are not the biggest factor impacting housing affordability,” says Benjamin Tal, Deputy Chief Economist, CIBC. “Instead, it’s the pace at which interest rates increase that poses a greater risk to the housing market and economy in the short-term. In the long-run, factors such as rising immigration levels putting further strain on demand, limited housing supply, supply chain hold-ups, and the shortage of skilled labourers will be the greatest hurdles in overcoming Canada’s housing affordability crisis. These must all be addressed in order to help balance supply.” Adds Elton Ash, Executive Vice President, RE/MAX Canada, “The shifts we are seeing in the housing market, with prices starting to ease across the country in tandem with softening demand and sales, are an overdue adjustment. A healthy housing market is characterized by price appreciation in the mid- to high-single digits, and many markets across Canada are re-entering that comfort zone.” Based on broker insights and external data, as indicated within the accompanying RE/MAX Canada Housing Affordability Index, the average monthly mortgage amount across Canada ranges from approximately $1,492 to $6,314. Depending on regional income levels and with a 20-per-cent down payment, this accounts for anywhere from 25.86 to 112.25 per cent of Canadians’ monthly income. According to the Leger survey, 18 per cent of Canadians define housing affordability as allocating only 30 to 40 per cent of their monthly household income toward housing costs, including mortgage payments, property taxes and other housing-related expenses. Thus, concern over the ability to afford a home remains among Canadians, with 68 per cent of survey respondents agree that they can’t afford to buy a home in the neighbourhood/region they choose in the next six months; 64 per cent say that eroding housing affordability is making them less confident in their ability to purchase a home; and 63 per cent express that rising interest rates are prompting them to put their home-buying plans on hold for the foreseeable future. Unsurprisingly, 70 per cent of Canadians agree that Canada needs a national housing strategy to solve the housing crisis. This number is up 10 per cent from last year. About the 2022 RE/MAX Canada Housing Affordability Report: The 2022 RE/MAX Canada Housing Affordability Report includes data and insights from RE/MAX brokerages. RE/MAX brokers and agents are surveyed on market activity and local developments. Average sale price is reflective of all property types in a region and varies depending on the region. Regional summaries with additional broker insights can be found at RE/MAX.ca. About Leger: Leger is the largest Canadian-owned full-service market research firm. An online survey of 1,529 Canadians was completed between June 24-26, 2022, using Leger’s online panel. Leger’s online panel has approximately 400,000 members nationally and has a retention rate of 90 per cent. A probability sample of the same size would yield a margin of error of +/- 2.5 per cent, 19 times out of 20. About the RE/MAX Network: As one of the leading global real estate franchisors, RE/MAX, LLC is a subsidiary of RE/MAX Holdings (NYSE: RMAX) with more than 140,000 agents in almost 9,000 offices with a presence in more than 110 countries and territories. RE/MAX Canada refers to RE/MAX of Western Canada (1998), LLC and RE/MAX Ontario-Atlantic Canada, Inc., and RE/MAX Promotions, Inc., each of which are affiliates of RE/MAX, LLC. Nobody in the world sells more real estate than RE/MAX, as measured by residential transaction sides. RE/MAX was founded in 1973 by Dave and Gail Liniger, with an innovative, entrepreneurial culture affording its agents and franchisees the flexibility to operate their businesses with great independence. RE/MAX agents have lived, worked and served in their local communities for decades, raising millions of dollars every year for Children’s Miracle Network Hospitals® and other charities. To learn more about RE/MAX, to search home listings or find an agent in your community, please visit remax.ca. For the latest news from RE/MAX Canada, please visit blog.remax.ca. Forward looking statements: This report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the “safe harbour” provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “believe,” “intend,” “expect,” “estimate,” “plan,” “outlook,” “project,” and other similar words and expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends that are not statements of historical matters. These forward-looking statements include statements regarding housing market conditions and the Company’s results of operations, performance and growth. Forward-looking statements should not be read as guarantees of future performance or results. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include (1) the global COVID-19 pandemic, which has impacted the Company and continues to pose significant and widespread risks to the Company’s business, the Company’s ability to successfully close the anticipated reacquisition and to integrate the reacquired regions into its business, (3) changes in the real estate market or interest rates and availability of financing, (4) changes in business and economic activity in general, (5) the Company’s ability to attract and retain quality franchisees, (6) the Company’s franchisees’ ability to recruit and retain real estate agents and mortgage loan originators, (7) changes in laws and regulations, (8) the Company’s ability to enhance, market, and protect the RE/MAX and Motto Mortgage brands, (9) the Company’s ability to implement its technology initiatives, and (10) fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, and those risks and uncertainties described in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and similar disclosures in subsequent periodic and current reports filed with the SEC, which are available on the investor relations page of the Company’s website at www.remax.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date on which they are made. Except as required by law, the Company does not intend, and undertakes no duty, to update this information to reflect future events or circumstances.

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